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ADAM OR CHRIST?

Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. —  Leave a comment
Adam and fall

Postmillennialism is rejected by many Christians because of its unbridled optimism for history. Non-postmillennialists often present the fact of man’s inborn depravity as theological evidence against the postmillennial hope. How can we be optimistic for mankind in light of man’s indwelling sin?

Objectors Quoted

J. Dwight Pentecost’s objects to postmillennialism along these lines. In his Things to Come (387) he speaks of “the new trend toward realism in theology and philosophy, seen in neo-orthodoxy, which admits man is a sinner, and can not bring about the new age anticipated by postmillennialism.”

Despite Postmillennialism being dominated by Calvinists today, Hal Lindsey asserts that postmillennialism believes in “the inherent goodness of man” (The Late Great Planet Earth, 176).

Strong Calvinist amillennialist, Herman Hanko, is convinced that “from the fall on, the world develops the sin of our first parents. This development continues throughout history. . . . More and more that kingdom of darkness comes to manifestation as time progresses” (“An Exegetical Refutation of Postmillennialism,” 25). Indeed, in his view postmillennialism “is a mirage, therefore, a false hope, because it fails to reckon properly with the fact of sin” and “cannot take sin as seriously as do the Scriptures” (“The Illusory Hope of Postmillennialism,” 159).

Objectors Rebutted

This is a serious theological matter, to be sure. And I as a Calvinist certainly hold to the total depravity of man. But I would offer the following response in support of the postmillennial optimism regarding the future:

We must note that despite the presence of sin, sinners are nevertheless converted to Christ. We must remember that each and every convert to Christ was at one time a totally depraved sinner. And yet we have hundreds of millions of Christians in the world today. Salvation comes by the gospel which is the power of God unto salvation.

How can we deny the gospel’s power that has already saved millions of depraved sinners? What God can do for one sinner he can do for another. This is evident in the apostolic era (Ac 2:41; 4:4), as well as in biblical prophecy (Isa 2:3–4; Psa 86:9; Rev 5:9; 7:9).


Postmillennialism: Defined, Defended, and Applied (5 CDs)
by Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. 
These five lectures explain the biblical foundations to postmillennialism,
while providing practical applications for the modern Christian.
Some of the leading objections are dealt with a clear and succinct fashion.
See more study materials at: www.KennethGentry.com


 

The Christian should recognize that power of God to save sinners greatly overshadows the power of sin to destroy men. In the ultimate analysis, the issue is not the power of sin, but the power of God..

The Christian should ask himself: “Have I ever seen a lost man become saved?” The answer is: Yes. This being the case, it is evident that grace is stronger than sin. The Christian should then ask a follow up question: “Does the Bible teach that a saved man can lose his salvation?” Here the answer is: No. In both cases, we see the superior power of God’s grace over man’s sin.

Postmillennialists do not believe in the inherent goodness of man, but opponents of postmillennialism seem to believe in the inherent weakness of the gospel. They believe that man’s sin successfully resists the gospel even to the end of history. Jonah also had a concern regarding the power of the gospel: he feared its power to save wicked, powerful Nineveh (Jon 1:2–3, 10; 3:2; 4:1–4).

Though the “heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked” (Jer 17:9), the postmillennialist firmly believes that “God is greater than our heart” (1Jn 3:20). We are confident that “He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world” (1Jn 4:4). After Christ’s resurrection the church receives the Spirit’s outpouring (Jn 7:39; Ac 2:33). And God promises that historical power is “not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit” (Zec 4:6).

The postmillennial hope is not in any way, shape, or form rooted in any effort by man. We cannot have a high estimation of our future based on man himself, for “the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so; and those who are in the flesh cannot please God” (Ro 8:7–8). When left to himself man’s world is corrupted and destroyed — a classic illustration being in the days of Noah (Ge 6:5). But God refuses to leave man to himself.

But neither does the hope for the man’s progress under the gospel relate to the Christian’s self-generated strength, wisdom, or cleverness. Left to our own efforts, we Christians too quickly learn that “apart from Me you can do nothing” (Jn 15:5). Were our future outlook rooted in the unaided power even of redeemed man, all would be hopeless. But our hope is in the resurrected Christ. The labor is ours; the subduing is His.”


Postmillennialism Made Easy (by Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.)
Basic introduction to postmillennialism.
See more study materials at: www.KennethGentry.com

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Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.

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Ken is a Presbyterian pastor and the author or co-author of over thirty books, most on eschatology. He has been married since 1971, and has three children and several grandchildren. He is a graduate of Tennessee Temple University (B.A., 1973), Reformed Theological Seminary (M.Div., 1977), and Whitefield Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1986; Th.D., 1988). He currently pastors Living Hope Presbyterian Church (affiliated with the RPCGA) in Greer, SC. Much of his writing is in the field of eschatology, including his 600 page book, He Shall Have Dominion: A Postmillennial Eschatology and his 400 page, Before Jerusalem Fell: Dating the Book of Revelation (his Th.D. dissertation). He contributed chapters to two Zondervan CounterPoints books on eschatological issues: Three Views on the Millennium and Beyond (edited by Darrell L. Bock) and Four Views on the Book of Revelation (edited by C. Marvin Pate). He also debated Thomas D. Ice in Kregel's The Great Tribulation: Past or Future? His books have been published by American Vision, Baker, Zondervan, Kregel, P & R, Greenhaven Press, Nordskog, Wipf & Stock, and several other publishers. He has published scores of articles in such publications as Tabletalk, Westminster Theological Journal, Evangelical Theological Society Journal, Banner of Truth, Christianity Today, Antithesis, Contra Mundum, and others. He has spoken at over 100 conferences in America, the Caribbean, and Australia. He is a member of the Evangelical Theological Society and a Church Council Committee member of Coalition on Revival.

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