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EPHESIANS, DISPENSATIONALISM, AND CHRIST THE KING

Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. —  6 Comments

I was once a dispensationalist. But I got over it. It was not easy, but I did survive the transition.

In an evangelism course (Course number: Bi-203) at Tennessee Temple College we learned “The Romans Road to Salvation.” This is a method of gospel witness that presents the gospel totally from within Paul’s Epistle to the Romans. This is easy to do since the basics of the gospel are embedded in Romans. This is a convenient and effective means of evangelism because it keeps one’s attention on one book of the Bible, preventing the confusion that can arise from jumping from book to book.

Over the years I have developed an effective approach for witnessing to dispensationalists. I call it “The Ephesians Road Out of Dispensationalism.” Though dispensationalism is a relatively recent theology in the history of Christianity (having arisen around 1830), when you read Ephesians you could almost surmise that Paul was writing this letter to combat dispensationalism! You could well imagine a first century Christian going to a Christian Scroll Store and picking up a copy of Ephesians in the Counter Cults section.

Ephesians runs roughshod over so many distinctives of dispensationalism that it serves as an effective vehicle for driving Christians out of this false theological quagmire. You will find this vehicle so easy to operate that you will watch in amazement as your erstwhile dispensational friends are driven desperately to searching the newspapers to see if these things be so. But take heart: they will eventually return to Scripture where you want them. There they will crawl into your Ephesiansmobile, crank it up, and drive out of the valley of the shadow of dispensationalism.

Over the next few blog posts I will briefly survey a few elements in Ephesians so that you might use as your Ephesians Road out of dispensationalism. In this posting I will focus on the Ephesians teaching that:

Christ is Now King

Dispensationalism holds that Christ came in the first century to offer an earthly-political kingdom to Israel, but that she rejected it. Consequently, Christ withdrew his kingdom offer, postponed his kingdom, and then established the Church as a stop-gap until the Jews are converted later. At that time they will be ready to accept him as king so that the millennium may be established. Dispensationalists argue vehemently that Christ is not now reigning as king.

However, Paul contradicts this (unusual) dispensational doctrine. In Ephesians 1:20–23 he declares: “He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come. And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fulness of Him who fills all in all.”

Several enormous problems present themselves to dispensationalism’s postponed kingdom view, showing that Christ is as a matter of fact now enthroned as king.

First, we see quite clearly that Jesus in fact has already been seated at God’s right hand in heaven. This being “seated” (aorist participle signifying a past reality) at “God’s right hand” obviously speaks of his being seated at God’s throne in heaven. After all, Jesus himself declares elsewhere that he “sat down with My Father on his throne” (cp. Mark 16:19; Acts 7:56; Heb 8:1; 1 Pet 3:22).

In fact, when he was being tried by the rulers of Israel they asked him if he was the Christ. He chastised them for not believing him in this regard (Luke 22:66–78). He then warned them that he was soon to be seated with God in heaven: “But from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God” (Luke 22:69). No postponement theory here: in the very context of Israel’s formal, official, and final rejection of him he declared that he would be “seated at the right hand of the power of God” despite their rejection.

Second,  we further learn that his throne is in heaven and not on the earth. This contradicts a fundamental of dispensationalism’s premillennial scheme. The Messianic throne is not a literal throne on earth, it is a spiritual reality in heaven. Thus, his reign does not involve political and bureaucratic rule. Rather it is a spiritual-redemptive reality. The earthly kingship of Christ is absolutely denied by Paul.

Third, this enthronement in Ephesians gives Christ authority “far above all rule and authority and power and dominion.” Indeed, God “put all things in subjection under His feet.” This is as high an authority as is possible. What would be the point of his coming to the earth to rule in a literal millennium? He is the ruler of all things now. Why would he come to rule in Jerusalem in a millennium? Why would he leave his heavenly throne where he rules universally to return to his earthly footstool to rule locally (Isa 66:1; Matt 5:35; Acts 7:49)?

Fourth, in fact, Paul says that Christ’s rule continues “not only in this age [right now!], but also in the one to come.” If dispensationalists claim that Christ is not now ruling, then what is Paul talking about? Paul sees Christ’s current function at the right hand of God as not only present now, but as continuing into the future age which lies beyond the present age. Put in the best possible light for dispensationalism, they should argue that his kingship takes a new form in the millennium. But their peculiar system construct will not allow this. In their view, Christ’s kingdom was presented, rejected, and postponed. He is not now in any way reigning as king. According to their system requirements Paul is simply mistaken.

Fifth, this kingly rule of Christ is related “to the church.” And this church is “His body.” But the church is the very redemptive-historical institution that dispensationalism distinguishes from Israel — and therefore from the millennial kingdom. In fact, in their dispensational structuring of history, the present age is the Church Age, which is to be followed by (and distinguished) from the Kingdom Age (the millennium). Indeed, one of dispensationalism’s sine qua non is the permanent distinction between Israel and the church.

 

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Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.

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Ken is a Presbyterian pastor and the author or co-author of over thirty books, most on eschatology. He has been married since 1971, and has three children and several grandchildren. He is a graduate of Tennessee Temple University (B.A., 1973), Reformed Theological Seminary (M.Div., 1977), and Whitefield Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1986; Th.D., 1988). He currently pastors Living Hope Presbyterian Church (affiliated with the RPCGA) in Greer, SC. Much of his writing is in the field of eschatology, including his 600 page book, He Shall Have Dominion: A Postmillennial Eschatology and his 400 page, Before Jerusalem Fell: Dating the Book of Revelation (his Th.D. dissertation). He contributed chapters to two Zondervan CounterPoints books on eschatological issues: Three Views on the Millennium and Beyond (edited by Darrell L. Bock) and Four Views on the Book of Revelation (edited by C. Marvin Pate). He also debated Thomas D. Ice in Kregel's The Great Tribulation: Past or Future? His books have been published by American Vision, Baker, Zondervan, Kregel, P & R, Greenhaven Press, Nordskog, Wipf & Stock, and several other publishers. He has published scores of articles in such publications as Tabletalk, Westminster Theological Journal, Evangelical Theological Society Journal, Banner of Truth, Christianity Today, Antithesis, Contra Mundum, and others. He has spoken at over 100 conferences in America, the Caribbean, and Australia. He is a member of the Evangelical Theological Society and a Church Council Committee member of Coalition on Revival.

6 responses to EPHESIANS, DISPENSATIONALISM, AND CHRIST THE KING

  1. Nice and pithy, love it. Interestingly, as I read it I see that this presentation, with some tweaking of course, is a good presentation of the gospel message to unbelievers too!

  2. Greg Harvey May 13, 2012 at 6:30

    Well done. I’d like to hear more of this Ephesians road. I’d like to see a discussion of the extent of the Kingdom of God now. I had to challenge the assumption that Satan is king of the world and Jesus is king of the church in a small group. I pointed out that Christ said all authority in heaven and on earth was given to him, in the great commission, that he ascended to the throne at his ascension, ala Daniel 7, and Stephen later saw him there in his vision of heaven. They looked at me like I had two heads to make that biblical argument. They want to argue that the Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven were only the church, not a Kingdom where Christ rules among His enemies, Psalm 110.

  3. I just taught Ephesians and came to the same conclusions. And before that we found similar conclusions in Hebrews.

    Regarding the timing of dispensationalism’s advent nearly 1830: Isn’t it interesting to note that in the decades from 1830 to 1850 we have numerous cults developing both outside the church and inside the church – Mormonism, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Scientology (I think) and Dispensationalism.

    • Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. May 16, 2012 at 6:30

      Steve: Scientology is a pseudo-scientific religion founded in 1953 by science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard. But in the nineteenth century we see two other well-known cults started: Christian Science and Seventh-day Adventism. Seventh-day Adventism was even started after several failed predictions for the Second Coming.

      • I’ll add a couple of other unorthodox paradigms:
        1830 – Mormonism founded in The United States by Joseph Smith.
        1830 – The Rapture invented by John Nelson Darby.
        1840’s – Seventh-Day Adventism founded in the 1840’s in New England.
        1859 – November 24, Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species.
        1879 – Christian Science founded in Boston…. See More
        1884 – Jehovah”s Witness was founded. Originally they were called “Zion’s Watch Tower and Tract Society”, (originally the Zion’s Watch Tower in 1879). They officially adopted the name of Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1931, under Charles Taze Russell.
        1883 – Modern Eugenics codified by Sir Francis Galton.

  4. Noa Napoleon July 17, 2012 at 6:30

    One of the arguments that I get from dispensationalists is that post mill expectation that Gods people will enjoy earthly dominion is carnal, un-spiritual etc. This because I include in my expectation for the future that Gods law would prevail over the nations. The typical response I get is “we are not under the law,” in addition to saying ” donʻt see the King of Kings standing on the mountain with his rod of iron yet?” Consequently I have been branded as Christian jihadist, because I want to impose Gods law on everyone! And all this is supposed to be a mere side note in terms of church priorities? But this seems to be grounds for asking the question, can someone even be saved if the Kingdom was postponed?

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